Download and read online Hyperbolic Manifolds and Discrete Groups in PDF and EPUB Hyperbolic Manifolds and Discrete Groups is at the crossroads of several branches of mathematics: hyperbolic geometry, discrete groups, 3-dimensional topology, geometric group theory, and complex analysis. The main focus throughout the text is on the "Big Monster," i.e., on Thurston’s hyperbolization theorem, which has not only completely changes the landscape of 3-dimensinal topology and Kleinian group theory but is one of the central results of 3-dimensional topology. The book is fairly self-contained, replete with beautiful illustrations, a rich set of examples of key concepts, numerous exercises, and an extensive bibliography and index. It should serve as an ideal graduate course/seminar text or as a comprehensive reference.
Download and read online Complex Kleinian Groups in PDF and EPUB This monograph lays down the foundations of the theory of complex Kleinian groups, a newly born area of mathematics whose origin traces back to the work of Riemann, Poincaré, Picard and many others. Kleinian groups are, classically, discrete groups of conformal automorphisms of the Riemann sphere, and these can be regarded too as being groups of holomorphic automorphisms of the complex projective line CP1. When going into higher dimensions, there is a dichotomy: Should we look at conformal automorphisms of the n-sphere?, or should we look at holomorphic automorphisms of higher dimensional complex projective spaces? These two theories are different in higher dimensions. In the first case we are talking about groups of isometries of real hyperbolic spaces, an area of mathematics with a long-standing tradition. In the second case we are talking about an area of mathematics that still is in its childhood, and this is the focus of study in this monograph. This brings together several important areas of mathematics, as for instance classical Kleinian group actions, complex hyperbolic geometry, chrystallographic groups and the uniformization problem for complex manifolds.
Download and read online In the Tradition of Ahlfors Bers VII in PDF and EPUB The Ahlfors–Bers Colloquia commemorate the mathematical legacy of Lars Ahlfors and Lipman Bers. The core of this legacy lies in the fields of geometric function theory, Teichmüller theory, hyperbolic geometry, and partial differential equations. Today we see the influence of Ahlfors and Bers on algebraic geometry, mathematical physics, dynamics, probability, geometric group theory, number theory and topology. Recent years have seen a flowering of this legacy with an increased interest in their work. This current volume contains articles on a wide variety of subjects that are central to this legacy. These include papers in Kleinian groups, classical Riemann surface theory, Teichmüller theory, mapping class groups, geometric group theory, and statistical mechanics.
Download and read online Introduction to 3 Manifolds in PDF and EPUB This book grew out of a graduate course on 3-manifolds and is intended for a mathematically experienced audience that is new to low-dimensional topology. The exposition begins with the definition of a manifold, explores possible additional structures on manifolds, discusses the classification of surfaces, introduces key foundational results for 3-manifolds, and provides an overview of knot theory. It then continues with more specialized topics by briefly considering triangulations of 3-manifolds, normal surface theory, and Heegaard splittings. The book finishes with a discussion of topics relevant to viewing 3-manifolds via the curve complex. With about 250 figures and more than 200 exercises, this book can serve as an excellent overview and starting point for the study of 3-manifolds.
Download and read online Outer Circles in PDF and EPUB We live in a three-dimensional space; what sort of space is it? Can we build it from simple geometric objects? The answers to such questions have been found in the last 30 years, and Outer Circles describes the basic mathematics needed for those answers as well as making clear the grand design of the subject of hyperbolic manifolds as a whole. The purpose of Outer Circles is to provide an account of the contemporary theory, accessible to those with minimal formal background in topology, hyperbolic geometry, and complex analysis. The text explains what is needed, and provides the expertise to use the primary tools to arrive at a thorough understanding of the big picture. This picture is further filled out by numerous exercises and expositions at the ends of the chapters and is complemented by a profusion of high quality illustrations. There is an extensive bibliography for further study.
Download and read online Hyperbolic Manifolds in PDF and EPUB Second edition of Outer circles, which has changed title to: Hyperbolic manifolds.
Download and read online H infinity Optimal Control and Related in PDF and EPUB One of the major concentrated activities of the past decade in control theory has been the development of the so-called "HOO-optimal control theory," which addresses the issue of worst-case controller design for linear plants subject to unknown additive disturbances, including problems of disturbance attenuation, model matching, and tracking. The mathematical OO symbol "H " stands for the Hardy space of all complex-valued functions of a complex variable, which are analytic and bounded in the open right half complex plane. For a linear (continuous-time, time-invariant) plant, oo the H norm of the transfer matrix is the maximum of its largest singular value over all frequencies. OO Controller design problems where the H norm plays an important role were initially formulated by George Zames in the early 1980's, in the context of sensitivity reduction in linear plants, with the design problem posed as a mathematical optimization problem using an (HOO) operator norm. Thus formulated originally in the frequency domain, the main tools used during the early phases of research on this class of problems have been operator and approximation theory, spectral factorization, and (Youla) parametrization, leading initially to rather complicated (high-dimensional) OO optimal or near-optimal (under the H norm) controllers.
Download and read online Metric Structures for Riemannian and Non Riemannian Spaces in PDF and EPUB This book is an English translation of the famous "Green Book" by Lafontaine and Pansu (1979). It has been enriched and expanded with new material to reflect recent progress. Additionally, four appendices, by Gromov on Levy's inequality, by Pansu on "quasiconvex" domains, by Katz on systoles of Riemannian manifolds, and by Semmes overviewing analysis on metric spaces with measures, as well as an extensive bibliography and index round out this unique and beautiful book.
Download and read online Introduction to Integral Equations with Applications in PDF and EPUB From the reviews of the First Edition: "Extremely clear, self-contained text . . . offers to a wide class of readers the theoretical foundations and the modern numerical methods of the theory of linear integral equations."-Revue Roumaine de Mathematiques Pures et Appliqu?es. Abdul Jerri has revised his highly applied book to make it even more useful for scientists and engineers, as well as mathematicians. Covering the fundamental ideas and techniques at a level accessible to anyone with a solid undergraduate background in calculus and differential equations, Dr. Jerri clearly demonstrates how to use integral equations to solve real-world engineering and physics problems. This edition provides precise guidelines to the basic methods of solutions, details more varied numerical methods, and substantially boosts the total of practical examples and exercises. Plus, it features added emphasis on the basic theorems for the existence and uniqueness of solutions of integral equations and points out the interrelation between differentiation and integration. Other features include: * A new section on integral equations in higher dimensions. * An improved presentation of the Laplace and Fourier transforms. * A new detailed section for Fredholm integral equations of the first kind. * A new chapter covering the basic higher quadrature numerical integration rules. * A concise introduction to linear and nonlinear integral equations. * Clear examples of singular integral equations and their solutions. * A student's solutions manual available directly from the author.
Download and read online Geometry and Spectra of Compact Riemann Surfaces in PDF and EPUB This monograph is a self-contained introduction to the geometry of Riemann Surfaces of constant curvature –1 and their length and eigenvalue spectra. It focuses on two subjects: the geometric theory of compact Riemann surfaces of genus greater than one, and the relationship of the Laplace operator with the geometry of such surfaces. Research workers and graduate students interested in compact Riemann surfaces will find here a number of useful tools and insights to apply to their investigations.
Download and read online Topological Dynamics in PDF and EPUB
Download and read online The Arithmetic of Hyperbolic 3 Manifolds in PDF and EPUB This text is based on graduate courses given by the authors on one of the most active areas of current research. It brings together much of the existing literature on arithmetic Kleinan groups in a clear and concise way, containing many examples and lots of problems.
Download and read online Foundations of Hyperbolic Manifolds in PDF and EPUB This heavily class-tested book is an exposition of the theoretical foundations of hyperbolic manifolds. It is a both a textbook and a reference. A basic knowledge of algebra and topology at the first year graduate level of an American university is assumed. The first part is concerned with hyperbolic geometry and discrete groups. The second part is devoted to the theory of hyperbolic manifolds. The third part integrates the first two parts in a development of the theory of hyperbolic orbifolds. Each chapter contains exercises and a section of historical remarks. A solutions manual is available separately.
Download and read online The Hyperbolization Theorem for Fibered 3 manifolds in PDF and EPUB A fundamental element of the study of 3-manifolds is Thurston's remarkable geometrization conjecture, which states that the interior of every compact 3-manifold has a canonical decomposition into pieces that have geometric structures. In most cases, these structures are complete metrics of constant negative curvature, that is to say, they are hyperbolic manifolds. The conjecture has been proved in some important cases, such as Haken manifolds and certain types of fibered manifolds. The influence of Thurston's hyperbolization theorem on the geometry and topology of 3-manifolds has been tremendous. This book presents a complete proof of the hyperbolization theorem for 3-manifolds that fiber over the circle, following the plan of Thurston's original (unpublished) proof, though the double limit theorem is dealt with in a different way. The book should be suitable for graduate students with a background in modern techniques of low-dimensional topology and will also be of interest to researchers in geometry and topology. This is the English translation of a volume originally published in 1996 by the Societe Mathematique de France.
Download and read online Lectures on K hler Manifolds in PDF and EPUB These notes are based on lectures the author held at the University of Bonn and the Erwin-Schrodinger-Institute in Vienna. The aim is to give a thorough introduction to the theory of Kahler manifolds with special emphasis on the differential geometric side of Kahler geometry. Some familiarity with global analysis and partial differential equations is assumed, in particular in the part on the Calabi conjecture.