Download and read online Modern Compressible Flow in PDF and EPUB Anderson's book provides the most accessible approach to compressible flow for Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering students and professionals. In keeping with previous versions, the 3rd edition uses numerous historical vignettes that show the evolution of the field.New pedagogical features--"Roadmaps" showing the development of a given topic, and "Design Boxes" giving examples of design decisions--will make the 3rd edition even more practical and user-friendly than before.The 3rd edition strikes a careful balance between classical methods of determining compressible flow, and modern numerical and computer techniques (such as CFD) now used widely in industry & research.A new Book Website will contain all problem solutions for instructors.
Download and read online Solutions Manual to Accompany Modern Compressible Flow in PDF and EPUB
Download and read online Str mungsmechanik in PDF and EPUB Eine ausführliche Einführung in die unterschiedlichen Strömungsformen und -phänomene macht deutlich, nach welchen Gesichtspunkten unterschiedliche Strömungskategorien gebildet und anschließend getrennt betrachtet werden. Die kompakte mathematische Darstellung arbeitet lediglich die entscheidenden Modellgleichungen heraus. Anhand sorgfältig ausgesuchter Übungsaufgaben kann die Anwendung eingeübt und das Verständnis für den Stoff vertieft werden. Mit dem vorliegenden Konzept ist eine Beurteilung möglich, unter welchen Umständen die zur Verfügung gestellten Lösungsansätze zielführend sind oder ob eine tiefer gehende Analyse zwingend erforderlich ist.
Download and read online Numerische Simulation des Ger usches massiv abgel ster Str mung bei gro er Reynoldszahl und kleiner Machzahl in PDF and EPUB Strömungsinduzierte Geräusche stellen heute ein zunehmendes Problem dar, besonders in der Umgebung von Flughäfen. Eine flächendeckende Lärmminderung ließe sich hier in erster Linie durch konstruktive Maßnahmen zur Abschwächung der wesentlichen Schallentstehungsmechanismen am Flugzeug erzielen. Dies setzt jedoch voraus, dass verlässliche aeroakustische Vorhersagen getroffen werden können, wozu nicht nur präzise Berechnungsverfahren für die Schallausbreitung, sondern auch für das mittlere Strömungsfeld und für die aerodynamischen Geräuschquellen erforderlich sind. In der vorliegenden Arbeit wird ein im Bereich subsonischer Strömungssimulationen etabliertes, druckbasiertes 3D-Finite-Volumen-Verfahren für den Einsatz in aeroakustischen Grobstruktursimulationen weiterentwickelt. Der hier vordergründig betrachtete Strömungszustand und Kennzahlbereich ist typisch für das Entstehen von „airframe noise“, aerodynamischem Lärm, welcher primär durch die turbulente Umströmung von Fahrwerk und Hochauftriebshilfen startender oder landender Flugzeuge verursacht wird. Die Kopplung von kompressiblen Grobstruktursimulationen im Quellgebiet mit nachgeschalteten akustischen Extrapolationen ermöglicht eine Berechnung dieser Umströmungsgeräusche bis ins Fernfeld. Nach kurzer Darstellung der physikalischen Grundlagen und verschiedener Möglichkeiten zur numerischen Simulation wird das ausgewählte Verfahren im Detail analysiert und eine Schwachstelle in der zur Berechnung der Massenflüsse eingesetzten Interpolation nach Rhie & Chow identifiziert. Der Schwerpunkt der Weiterentwicklung liegt anschließend auf der sorgfältigen Herleitung einer Familie konsistenter Approximationen zur Bestimmung von Massenflüssen über Kontrollvolumengrenzflächen auf nichtversetzten Gittern. Zwei neue Varianten der Massenflussberechnung werden in das bestehende Druckkorrekturverfahren integriert. Deren Verhalten wird im Vergleich zur ursprünglichen Implementierung an einem akademischen Testfall bewertet. Es folgt eine Abstimmung von Numerik und Feinstrukturmodell am Zerfall isotroper Turbulenz und nach der Qualifizierung des verbesserten Verfahrens schließlich dessen Anwendung zur Berechnung von Strömungsgeräuschen an einer generischen Fahrwerksverstrebung und an einer 3-Komponenten-Hochauftriebskonfiguration. Die Ergebnisse dieser Simulationen weisen überwiegend eine sehr gute Übereinstimmung mit experimentell ermittelten Daten auf. Auf Basis einer aeroakustischen Analyse der hochaufgelösten Simulationsergebnisse am Vorflügel gelingt letztlich ein statistischer Nachweis für den dort dominierenden Schallentstehungsmechanismus. Flow-induced noise represents an increasing problem today, particularly in the vicinity of airports. Comprehensive aircraft noise reduction could primarily be achieved through design changes which mitigate the major noise generation mechanisms. However, such changes require reliable aeroacoustic predictions, which is only possible if appropriate numerical tools are available. These must allow the precise calculation of the sound and mean flow fields as well as the most relevant aerodynamic noise sources. In this work a pressure-based 3D finite volume method, which is already well-established in the area of subsonic flow computation, is further developed in order to enable its application for aeroacoustic large-eddy simulations. The flow state and the range of similarity parameters considered here are chosen to be representative of typical airframe noise. This is mainly caused by separated flow around deployed landing gear and high-lift devices during aircraft takeoff and landing. The coupling of compressible large-eddy simulations in the main sound source regions with subsequent acoustic extrapolations provides access to the prediction of such aerodynamic noise up to the farfield. The selected method is analysed in detail following a brief overview of the physical background and state-of-the-art numerical simulation techniques. A weak point is identified in the Rhie & Chow interpolation which is employed for the calculation of mass fluxes. Particular emphasis is then placed on the careful derivation of a family of consistent approximations for the determination of mass flux over control volume faces on co-located grids. Two new flux formulations are integrated into the existing pressure correction method. Their behaviour is validated and compared to that of the original implementation on an academic test case. Following a thorough reassessment of the balance between numerical and modelled dissipation on the decay of isotropic turbulence, the improved method is finally applied to compute the flow-induced noise around a generic two-struts configuration and around a three-component high-lift configuration. The simulation results predominantly exhibit very good agreement with experimental data. Based on highly-resolved flow field data acquired from the simulation of the high-lift system, a concise aeroacoustic analysis is offered. Statistical evidence of the dominant noise generation mechanism near a leading edge slat is provided.
Download and read online Gemischbildung Flammenstabilisierung und Verbrennung in einer gestuften berschallbrennkammer in PDF and EPUB
Download and read online Introduction to Compressible Fluid Flow Second Edition in PDF and EPUB Introduction to Compressible Fluid Flow, Second Edition offers extensive coverage of the physical phenomena experienced in compressible flow. Updated and revised, the second edition provides a thorough explanation of the assumptions used in the analysis of compressible flows. It develops in students an understanding of what causes compressible flows to differ from incompressible flows and how they can be analyzed. This book also offers a strong foundation for more advanced and focused study. The book begins with discussions of the analysis of isentropic flows, of normal and oblique shock waves and of expansion waves. The final chapters deal with nozzle characteristics, friction effects, heat exchange effects, a hypersonic flow, high-temperature gas effects, and low-density flows. This book applies real-world applications and gives greater attention to the supporting software and its practical application. Includes numerical results obtained using a modern commercial CFD (computer fluid dynamics) code to illustrate the type of results that can be obtained using such a code Replaces BASIC language programs with MATLAB® routines Avails COMPROP2 software which readers can use to do compressible flow computation Additional problems have been added, and non-numerical problems illustrating practical applications have been included. A solutions manual that contains complete solutions to all of the problems in this book is available. The manual incorporates the same problem-solving methodology as adopted in the worked examples in this book. It also provides summaries of the major equations developed in each chapter. An interactive computer program also accompanies this book.
Download and read online Fundamentals of aerodynamics in PDF and EPUB * Offers a readable, thorough overview of basic aerodynamics, with numerous discussions of aviation history and development * Includes new coverage of the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and illustrations to help explain the material * More than a dozen "design boxes" draw the reader's attention and illustrate the practical applications
Download and read online High Speed Flow in PDF and EPUB High Speed Flow is a text-book suitable for undergraduates, postgraduates, and research-workers in fluid dynamics. It covers such topics as subsonic and supersonic flight, shock waves, high-speed aerofoils, and temperature changes. Starting from first principles, the book gives complete and elementary derivations of all results, and takes the reader to research-level in the subject. The book contains many exercises and an extensive bibliography, providing access to the entire literature of the subject from 1860 to the present day, and including over two hundred items published since 1990. It contains the most extensive set of formulae on thermodynamics and oblique shock waves ever assembled.
Download and read online Eshbach s Handbook of Engineering Fundamentals in PDF and EPUB The standard reference work in engineering for over fifty years.now updated and revised Eshbach′s Handbook of Engineering Fundamentals Fourth Edition The Fourth Edition of Eshbach′s Handbook of Engineering Fundamentals provides comprehensive coverage of major engineering subdivisions, including electronics, controls, fluids, and more, with special emphasis on mechanical engineering. Chapters have been rewritten and revised to combine solid coverage of engineering fundamentals with up–to–date developments in the field since the publication of the previous edition. The Handbook reflects the computer′s growing role in engineering design, practice, and research: ∗ provides new material on electromagnetics, circuit theory, and electronic applications ∗ includes new material on computer electronics with orientation toward nonelectrical engineers ∗ provides expanded coverage of computers and controls ∗ treats the field of aerospace engineering with separate chapters on aeronautics and astronauts Revisions acknowledge the universal use of the hand–held calculator: ∗ omits traditional mathematical tables such as sines, cosines ∗ includes up–to–date material on units, standards, and measurements The book also treats the increased importance of control technology with an expanded chapter on the theory and application of control methodology. Eshbach′s Handbook of Engineering Fundamentals provides engineers and students with a single source guide to engineering fundamentals and cutting edge engineering technology.
Download and read online Fluid Mechanics in PDF and EPUB Fluid Mechanics: An Intermediate Approach addresses the problems facing engineers today by taking on practical, rather than theoretical problems. Instead of following an approach that focuses on mathematics first, this book allows you to develop an intuitive physical understanding of various fluid flows, including internal compressible flows with simultaneous area change, friction, heat transfer, and rotation. Drawing on over 40 years of industry and teaching experience, the author emphasizes physics-based analyses and quantitative predictions needed in the state-of-the-art thermofluids research and industrial design applications. Numerous worked-out examples and illustrations are used in the book to demonstrate various problem-solving techniques. The book covers compressible flow with rotation, Fanno flows, Rayleigh flows, isothermal flows, normal shocks, and oblique shocks; Bernoulli, Euler, and Navier-Stokes equations; boundary layers; and flow separation. Includes two value-added chapters on special topics that reflect the state of the art in design applications of fluid mechanics Contains a value-added chapter on incompressible and compressible flow network modeling and robust solution methods not found in any leading book in fluid mechanics Gives an overview of CFD technology and turbulence modeling without its comprehensive mathematical details Provides an exceptional review and reinforcement of the physics-based understanding of incompressible and compressible flows with many worked-out examples and problems from real-world fluids engineering applications Fluid Mechanics: An Intermediate Approach uniquely aids in the intuitive understanding of various fluid flows for their physics-based analyses and quantitative predictions needed in the state-of-the-art thermofluids research and industrial design applications.
Download and read online Ballistics in PDF and EPUB Providing new chapters, homework problems, case studies, figures, and examples, Ballistics: Theory and Design of Guns and Ammunition, Second Edition encourages superior design and innovative applications in the field of ballistics. It examines the analytical and computational tools used to predict a weapon’s behavior in terms of pressure, stress, and velocity, demonstrating their applications in ammunition and weapons design. What’s New in the Second Edition: Includes computer examples in Mathcad (available on the CRC website) Adds a section of color plates, to better help readers visualize the physical concepts of ballistics Contains sections on modern explosives equations of state for detonation physics modeling and on probability of hit Provides a solutions manual for those teaching college and training courses This book covers exterior ballistics, exploring the physics behind trajectories, including linear and nonlinear aeroballistics, and focuses on the effects of projective impact, including details on shock physics, shaped charges, penetration, fragmentation, and wound ballistics. Reviews and integrates the fundamental science and engineering concepts involved in guns and ammunition Uses straightforward, easy-to-read style, and careful development of complex topics Shares insights rooted in the experience of renowned experts, many associated with the National Defense Industrial Association (NDIA) and International Ballistics Society The field of ballistics comprises three main areas of specialization: interior, exterior, and terminal ballistics. This book explains all three areas, offering a seamless presentation of the complex phenomena that occur during the launch, flight, and impact of a projectile.
Download and read online Computational Fluid Dynamics in PDF and EPUB This book is an outgrowth of a von Kannan Institute Lecture Series by the same title first presented in 1985 and repeated with modifications in succeeding years. The objective, then and now, was to present the subject of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to an audience unfamiliar with all but the most basic aspects of numerical techniques and to do so in such a way that the practical application ofCFD would become clear to everyone. Remarks from hundreds of persons who followed this course encouraged the editor and the authors to improve the content and organization year by year and eventually to produce the present volume. The book is divided into two parts. In the first part, John Anderson lays out the subject by first describing the governing equations offluid dynamics, concentration on their mathematical properties which contain the keys to the choice of the numerical approach. Methods of discretizing the equations are discussed next and then transformation techniques and grids are also discussed. This section closes with two examples of numerical methods which can be understood easily by all concerned: source and vortex panel methods and the explicit method. The second part of the book is devoted to four self-contained chapters on more advanced material: Roger Grundmann treats the boundary layer equations and methods of solution; Gerard Degrez treats implicit time-marching methods for inviscid and viscous compressible flows, and Eric Dick treats, in two separate articles, both finite-volume and finite-element methods.
Download and read online Pipe Flow in PDF and EPUB Pipe Flow provides the information required to design and analyze the piping systems needed to support a broad range of industrial operations, distribution systems, and power plants. Throughout the book, the authors demonstrate how to accurately predict and manage pressure loss while working with a variety of piping systems and piping components. The book draws together and reviews the growing body of experimental and theoretical research, including important loss coefficient data for a wide selection of piping components. Experimental test data and published formulas are examined, integrated and organized into broadly applicable equations. The results are also presented in straightforward tables and diagrams. Sample problems and their solution are provided throughout the book, demonstrating how core concepts are applied in practice. In addition, references and further reading sections enable the readers to explore all the topics in greater depth. With its clear explanations, Pipe Flow is recommended as a textbook for engineering students and as a reference for professional engineers who need to design, operate, and troubleshoot piping systems. The book employs the English gravitational system as well as the International System (or SI).
Download and read online Fundamental Mechanics of Fluids Fourth Edition in PDF and EPUB Fundamental Mechanics of Fluids, Fourth Edition addresses the need for an introductory text that focuses on the basics of fluid mechanics—before concentrating on specialized areas such as ideal-fluid flow and boundary-layer theory. Filling that void for both students and professionals working in different branches of engineering, this versatile instructional resource comprises five flexible, self-contained sections: Governing Equations deals with the derivation of the basic conservation laws, flow kinematics, and some basic theorems of fluid mechanics. Ideal-Fluid Flow covers two- and three-dimensional potential flows and surface waves. Viscous Flows of Incompressible Fluids discusses exact solutions, low-Reynolds-number approximations, boundary-layer theory, and buoyancy-driven flows. Compressible Flow of Inviscid Fluids addresses shockwaves as well as one- and multidimensional flows. Methods of Mathematical Analysis summarizes some commonly used analysis techniques. Additional appendices offer a synopsis of vectors, tensors, Fourier series, thermodynamics, and the governing equations in the common coordinate systems. The book identifies the phenomena associated with the various properties of compressible, viscous fluids in unsteady, three-dimensional flow situations. It provides techniques for solving specific types of fluid-flow problems, and it covers the derivation of the basic equations governing the laminar flow of Newtonian fluids, first assessing general situations and then shifting focus to more specific scenarios. The author illustrates the process of finding solutions to the governing equations. In the process, he reveals both the mathematical methodology and physical phenomena involved in each category of flow situation, which include ideal, viscous, and compressible fluids. This categorization enables a clear explanation of the different solution methods and the basis for the various physical consequences of fluid properties and flow characteristics. Armed with this new understanding, readers can then apply the appropriate equation results to deal with the particular circumstances of their own work.
Download and read online Fluid Dynamics with a Computational Perspective in PDF and EPUB Modern fluid dynamics is a combination of traditional methods of theory and analysis and newer methods of computation and numerical simulation. Fluid Dynamics with a Computational Perspective synthesizes traditional theory and modern computation. It is neither a book on methods of computation, nor a book on analysis; it is about fluid dynamics. The book is ideal for a course on fluid dynamics. Early chapters review the laws of fluid mechanics and survey computational methodology, following chapters study flows in which the Reynolds number increases from creeping flow to turbulence, followed by a thorough discussion of compressible flow and interfaces. Whereas all significant equations and their solutions are presented, their derivations are informal. References for detailed derivations are provided. A chapter on intermediate Reynolds number flows provides illustrative case studies by pure computation. Elsewhere, computations and theory are interwoven.