Download and read online Oil Gas Databook for Developing Countries in PDF and EPUB In order to alleviate their problems many less developed countries (LDCs) are endeavoring to develop to the full their energy resources and in particular their hydrocarbon resources. However, the development of these resources is hindered by many factors, among which are the following: badly established estimates of indigenous resources; under-exploration; lack of competent Government institutions to monitor the hydrocarbon sector; lack of local markets to exploit non-oil hydrocarbon finds; refineries which are outdated, producing the wrong product mix and where economies of scale make upgrading difficult. The purpose of this work is to examine the hydrocarbon sector in the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) group of countries. An examination of such a diverse group of nations on a global scale is difficult since the group includes relatively rich countries such as Trinidad and Tobago with a GNP per capita of $4000, to the sub-Saharan countries such as Mali with a GNP per capita of $120. No easy solutions will be presented to improve the present energy situation in these countries but the reasons for the lack of hydrocarbon development will be examined. The work of the World Bank and similar international financial institutions will be assessed and a potted review of the hydrocarbon sector in each country will be presented.
Download and read online Nanotechnology World Economy in PDF and EPUB The cornerstone and linch-pin of the assessment of Chapter One manifest itself in the (i) galvanization of numerous inventions, innovations, discoveries and huge production of nanotechnology and nanometer-scale practical applications of nanodevices, nanostructures, nanosystems, and global management of nanotech industries, growth and its maximization of global competitive advantage, and the (ii) conglomeration of nanometer-scale technologies driven multinational enterprises, cross border transactions, strategic alliances, high degree of concentration, and global management in contrast to the global economic crisis, threats, and challenges. Chapter Two gives prominence to the Japanese mega-industrial concentration directions in nanotechnology global industries, investment, growth and diversification underwritten in combination and centralization of huge sources of financing and loanable funds made available by joint Japan-China use of massive reserves of government-owned. The distinguishing feature of Chapter Three is the global competitive advantage market dominance generated by the creation, discoveries and innovation of Japan/China nanotechnology and practical applications of nanometer-scale technologies revolution high degree of concentration that contrast to and surpass competitiveness embedded in the strong bilateral U.S. and China Strategic and Economic Dialogue, and the U.S./Japan Investment Initiative. The Japan/China nanotechnology multinational enterprises high degree concentration are engaged in the widespread use of nanotechnologies groundbreaking transformation to creative and innovative nanodevices and nanostructures leading to the global competitive advantage, where size is measured on a scale of 1 to 100 nanometers (nm); one nanometer is equal to one billionth of a meter or 1000 times smaller than the diameter of a human hair. The underutilization of practical applications of nanotechnologies is evident in Chapter Four where the distinguishing feature is the global demand for Africa and the Middle East Area (The Area) huge mineral resources and production exceed the Area's supply technical capabilities. Chapter Five assesses additional revenue sources and investment for financing health care for the uninsured trough establishment of commercialization and transformation of patents and licensing agreements of U.S. hospital inventions and discoveries under the U.S. Department of Defense Military Health System (DoD MHS), with practical applications of nanotechnology advantages.
Download and read online Finance and Development March 2014 in PDF and EPUB Detailed annual data for Fund member governments are supplied on revenue income by source (tax, lending, bonds, etc.), and expenditure by sector (defense, education, health, etc.) for all levels of government (national, state, local). Topics covered include deficit/surplus or total financing, revenues or grants, expenditures, lending minus repayments, domestic financing, foreign financing, domestic debt or total debt, and foreign debt.
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Download and read online The Little Data Book on Climate Change 2011 in PDF and EPUB The Little Data Book on Climate Change is based on World Development Indicators 2011, the World Bank s premier data publication. It provides a broad overview of climate change data and includes a diverse set of indicators selected from both the global economic and scientific communities. These indicators reflect recognition of the intrinsic relationship between climate change and development, and attempt to synthesize important aspects of current and projected climate conditions, exposure to climate impacts, resilience, greenhouse gas emissions, and the state of efforts to take action. This handy pocket guide is one of seven titles in the World Bank's Little Data Book series, which provides data snapshots of key global development issues. It provides country data for 218 World Bank member countries for more than 50 indicators in a single page. These tables are supplemented by aggregate data for regional and income groupings.
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Download and read online Fluoropolymer Applications in the Chemical Processing Industries in PDF and EPUB This is a self-contained collection of data and information on applications of fluoropolymers components for corrosion control in chemical processing industries. Due to their superior properties, fluoropolymers have been rapidly replacing metal alloys for preserving the purity of processing streams in the chemical processing, plastics, food, pharmaceutical, semiconductor, and pulp and paper industries.
Download and read online Factfinder for the Nation in PDF and EPUB
Download and read online State and Metropolitan Area Data Book in PDF and EPUB 1979-2010: Contains data similar to that found in the County and City Databook, but on the state and MSA (Metropolitan Statistical Areas) levels.
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Download and read online The Far East and Australasia 2003 in PDF and EPUB A systematic survey of all the countries of East Asia, South Asia, South-East Asia, Australia, New Zealand and the Pacific Islands. It has been researched, revised and updated to provide an extensive collection of facts, analysis, statistics and directory information on the region.
Download and read online The Little Green Data in PDF and EPUB The Little Green Data Book 2016 is a pocket-sized ready reference on key environmental data for over 200 countries. Key indicators are organized under the headings of agriculture, forestry, biodiversity, oceans, energy, emission and pollution, and water and sanitation. For the third year, The Little Green Data Book presents a new set of ocean-related indicators, highlighting the role of oceans in economic development.
Download and read online Bulletin of the Public Affairs Information Service in PDF and EPUB