Download and read online Plant Biology and Biotechnology in PDF and EPUB Plant genomics and biotechnology have recently made enormous strides, and hold the potential to benefit agriculture, the environment and various other dimensions of the human endeavor. It is no exaggeration to claim that the twenty-first century belongs to biotechnology. Knowledge generation in this field is growing at a frenetic pace, and keeping abreast of the latest advances and calls on us to double our efforts. Volume II of this two-part series addresses cutting-edge aspects of plant genomics and biotechnology. It includes 37 chapters contributed by over 70 researchers, each of which is an expert in his/her own field of research. Biotechnology has helped to solve many conundrums of plant life that had long remained a mystery to mankind. This volume opens with an exhaustive chapter on the role played by thale cress, Arabidopsis thaliana, which is believed to be the Drosophila of the plant kingdom and an invaluable model plant for understanding basic concepts in plant biology. This is followed by chapters on bioremediation, biofuels and biofertilizers through microalgal manipulation, making it a commercializable prospect; discerning finer details of biotic stress with plant-fungal interactions; and the dynamics of abiotic and biotic stresses, which also figure elsewhere in the book. Breeding crop plants for desirable traits has long been an endeavor of biotechnologists. The significance of molecular markers, marker assisted selection and techniques are covered in a dedicated chapter, as are comprehensive reviews on plant molecular biology, DNA fingerprinting techniques, genomic structure and functional genomics. A chapter dedicated to organellar genomes provides extensive information on this important aspect. Elsewhere in the book, the newly emerging area of epigenetics is presented as seen through the lens of biotechnology, showcasing the pivotal role of DNA methylation in effecting permanent and transient changes to the genome. Exclusive chapters deal with bioinformatics and systems biology. Handy tools for practical applications such as somatic embryogenesis and micropropagation are included to provide frontline information to entrepreneurs, as is a chapter on somaclonal variation. Overcoming barriers to sexual incompatibility has also long been a focus of biotechnology, and is addressed in chapters on wide hybridization and hybrid embryo rescue. Another area of accomplishing triploids through endosperm culture is included as a non-conventional breeding strategy. Secondary metabolite production through tissue cultures, which is of importance to industrial scientists, is also covered. Worldwide exchange of plant genetic material is currently an essential topic, as is conserving natural resources in situ. Chapters on in vitro conservation of extant, threatened and other valuable germplasms, gene banking and related issues are included, along with an extensive account of the biotechnology of spices – the low-volume, high-value crops. Metabolic engineering is another emerging field that provides commercial opportunities. As is well known, there is widespread concern over genetically modified crops among the public. GM crops are covered, as are genetic engineering strategies for combating biotic and abiotic stresses where no other solutions are in sight. RNAi- and micro RNA- based strategies for crop improvement have proved to offer novel alternatives to the existing non-conventional techniques, and detailed information on these aspects is also included. The book’s last five chapters are devoted to presenting the various aspects of environmental, marine, desert and rural biotechnology. The state-of-the-art coverage on a wide range of plant genomics and biotechnology topics will be of great interest to post-graduate students and researchers, including the employees of seed and biotechnology companies, and to instructors in the fields of plant genetics, breeding and biotechnology.
Download and read online Molecular Biology and Biotechnology of Plant Organelles in PDF and EPUB We have taught plant molecular biology and biotechnology at the undergraduate and graduate level for over 20 years. In the past few decades, the field of plant organelle molecular biology and biotechnology has made immense strides. From the green revolution to golden rice, plant organelles have revolutionized agriculture. Given the exponential growth in research, the problem of finding appropriate textbooks for courses in plant biotechnology and molecular biology has become a major challenge. After years of handing out photocopies of various journal articles and reviews scattered through out the print and electronic media, a serendipitous meeting occurred at the 2002 IATPC World Congress held in Orlando, Florida. After my talk and evaluating several posters presented by investigators from my laboratory, Dr. Jacco Flipsen, Publishing Manager of Kluwer Publishers asked me whether I would consider editing a book on Plant Organelles. I accepted this challenge, after months of deliberations, primarily because I was unsuccessful in finding a text book in this area for many years. I signed the contract with Kluwer in March 2003 with a promise to deliver a camera-ready textbook on July 1, 2004. Given the short deadline and the complexity of the task, I quickly realized this task would need a co-editor. Dr. Christine Chase was the first scientist who came to my mind because of her expertise in plant mitochondria, and she readily agreed to work with me on this book.
Download and read online Methods in Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology in PDF and EPUB The use recombinant DNA technology to produce genetically modified plants; Production ans analysis of plant mutants, emphasizing arabidopsis thaliana; DNA sequence organization and gene copy number determination. Isolation and characterization of plant DNAs; Isolation and characterization of plant mRNA; Procedures for introducing foreign DNA into plants; Vectors for plant transformation; Construction of clone banks; Transient analysis of gene expression in plant cells; Techiniques for isolating and characterizing plant transcription promoters, enhancers, and terminators; Use of xenoplus oocytes to monitor plant geneexpression; In situ localization of specific mRNAs in plant tissues; Immunological methods for assessing protein expression in plants; In situ immunocytochemical localization of plant proteins; Accessing computer software for molecular biology; Sequence similarity searches, multiple sequence alignments, and molecular tree building; DNA mapping plants; Random amplified polymorphic DNA(RAPD) analysis; Detection and characterization of plant pathogens; Screening for inoculant-quality strains of rhizobia; Isolation and characterization of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria.
Download and read online Advanced Topics in Biotechnology and Plant Biology in PDF and EPUB Advanced Topics In Biotechnology And Plant Biology is a comprehensive survey of the major topics in Biotechnology and plant biology. The book comprises 12 articles, written by experts in their respective disciplines and provides state-of-the-art information. The articles are put in two sections: Biotechnology, and Response of plant to different stresses.The selected articles are most sought after by both researchers and graduate as well as post-graduate students.Each article provides succinct information on central development in the field and ends with summaries and perspectives for the future.Year 2007 can esily be considered as the turning point for the life sciencxes industry.The volume starts with an article by Malik, kaur and wadwani summarizing notable discoveries for gene engineering with special reference to cold tolerance in maize(Sofi, Rather and Wani). Considering that enzymes have attracted the attention due to their wide range of physiological, analytical and industrial applications. Chandan discusses their microbial production.Meenakshi bannerji has given concise accoount of bioflims.Articles 5 by Wani, Sandhu and Gosal discusses Genetic engineering of crop plants for abiotic stress tolerance.Article 6 describes in vitro production of haploids and their utilization in rice, the most important cereal.Kaushik and Toky discuss mortality of agroforestry trees and its management in article 7. Several terrestrial and aquatic plants are known to accumulate toxic metal mercury in their leaves.Understanding the physiological and biochemical mechanisms may provide alternative strategies to adopt measures for purification of soil contaminated with these heavy metals. Shilpa Goel, et al., has discussed the physiological implications of this heavy metal. Humans are exposed to this toxic arsenic primarily from air, food air and wrter.Innumerable people are suffering from the toxic effects of arsenicals in many countries all over the world due to natural groundwater contamination as well as industrial effluent and drainge problems.Article 9 describe Mechanism of arsenic tolrenace and hyper accumlation (Madhumita dash and C.P. Malik).Sanjeev Thind discusses conceptual and metabolic engineering to analyze compartmentation and metabolite fluxes in C3-C4 and C4 plants.The author has discussed carbon dioxide concentration mechanisms which mitigate the oxygenase activity of Rubisco, and potentially improves the efficency of carbonylation.Nitrogen fixation,Growth and prodcutivity of Legumes in response to Abiotic Stresses have been summarized by Pushp Sharma and Virender Sardana (article 11).Under stress conditions,reduction in biomass production depends on intensity and duration of stress has been recorded.Several parametres have been suggested which could be used in identifying suitable parents for breeding high yielding genotypes under suggested which could be used in identifying suitable parents for breeding high yielding genotypes under stress environments.Article 12 deals with nitrogen fixation : legume rhizobium physiology.Phytohormones mediated response to nodulation and nitrogen fixation by Pushp Sharma and Poonam Sharma.Authors have endeavored to discuss up-to-date information of their area(s) of expertise and have kindly spared valuable time and knowledge.The information compiled will prove helpful to those interested in biotechnology and stress physiology.The book will serve as an excellent reference material for teachers, researchers workers, industrialits,biotechnologies and research students in the field of Applied Biology,Botany,Plant Physiology,Plant and Agriculture Science,Plant Breeding,Microbiology Technology,Molecular and cellular biology etc.
Download and read online Biology and Biotechnology of the Plant Hormone Ethylene III in PDF and EPUB Ethylene is a simple gaseous plant hormone produced by higher plants and also by bacteria and fungi. Its physiology is continuously going through new developments in cellular, molecular biology and genetic engineering of plants. The understanding of the role and function of ethylene in plant growth, development, fruit ripening, senescence, etc., has been improved through new works and methodologies. Studies on ethylene and developmentally-regulated processes in ripening of climacteric fruits and a better knowledge on ethylene receptors and antagonists that prevent an ethylene response open possibilities of application of particular value in horticulture and postharvest. Advances on the different topics will be published
Download and read online Ethylene in Plant Biology in PDF and EPUB Ethylene in Plant Biology, Second Edition provides a definitive survey of what is currently known about this structurally simplest of all plant growth regulators. This volume contains all new material plus a bibliographic guide to the complete literature of this field. Progress in molecular biology and biotechnology as well as biochemistry, plant physiology, development, regulation, and environmental aspects is covered in nine chapters co-authored by three eminent authorities in plant ethylene research. This volume is the modern text reference for all researchers and students of ethylene in plant and agricultural science. Completely updated Concise, readable style for students and professional Contains an extensive bibliographic guide to the original literature Well illustrated with diagrams and photographs Thorough coverage of: ethylene and ethephon roles and effects stress ethylene, biosynthesis of ethylene, molecular biology of ethylene, action of ethylene, agricultural uses of ethylene
Download and read online Plant Biology in PDF and EPUB The second edition of Instant Notes in Plant Biology, has been both updated and reorganized and gives an insight into the whole of plant science, integrating structure, function and physiology. A major addition is the section on understanding plants which introduces the major techniques in plant science and shows how advances are made. Molecular techniques are used in all areas of plant science and are included throughout.
Download and read online Molecular Biology Biotechnology of the Grapevine in PDF and EPUB Grapevine is one of the major cultivated plant crops. As with most woody plant species, molecular biology and biotechnology have progressed at a slow pace, due to several obstacles which have had to be overcome. However, substantial progress has now been made and useful information has been accumulated in the literature; numerous genes have been characterized from grapevine and significant progress has been made in the molecular and non-molecular biotechnological applications. In an effort to collect and present the state of the art on grapevine molecular biology and biotechnology, 41 scientists from 12 countries worked jointly on the preparation of this book. It is intended as a reference book for viticulturists, graduate and undergraduate students, biotechnological companies, and any scientist who is interested in molecular biology and biotechnology of plants with emphasis on grapevine.
Download and read online Guide to Reference and Information Sources in Plant Biology in PDF and EPUB This third edition of a classic bibliography retains the best features of its predecessor, published ten years ago, with greatly expanded coverage of Web sites. Its nearly 1,000 annotated entries focus on core materials for botanists and plant biologists. Organized by topic rather than format, it runs the gamut from Plant Physiology to Genetics and Biotechnology. Introductory chapters discuss the study of plants, characteristics of plant biology literature, and the history of the field and the people in it. This book is for both neophyte and seasoned botanists and their information purveyors.
Download and read online Biology and Biotechnology of the Plant Hormone Ethylene III in PDF and EPUB
Download and read online Advanced Topics in Biotechnology and Plant Biology in PDF and EPUB
Download and read online Biology and Biotechnology of the Plant Hormone Ethylene in PDF and EPUB Ethylene is a simple gaseous plant hormone produced by higher plants, bacteria and fungi. Thanks to new tools that have become available in biochemistry and molecular genetics, parts of the ethylene biosynthesis, perception and signal transduction reactions have been elucidated. This knowledge has been applied to enhance the quality of a number of agronomically important crops. In Biology and Biotechnology of the Plant Hormone Ethylene, leading figures in the field provide surveys of the current state of ethylene biosynthesis and action, perception and signal transduction pathways, senescence, biotechnological control, and the involvement of ethylene in pathogenesis and stress. Audience: Indispensable to all academic, industrial and agricultural researchers as well as undergraduates and graduates in plant biology, biochemistry, genetics, molecular biology and food science.
Download and read online Desert Plants in PDF and EPUB Deserts appear very fascinating during our short visits. However, the lives of plants and animals are very dif?cult under the harsh climatic conditions of high tempe- ture and scant water supply in deserts, sometimes associated with high concent- tions of salt. The editor of this book was born and brought up in the Great Indian Desert, and has spent much of his life studying the growth and metabolism of desert plants. It is very charming on a cool summer evening to sit at the top of a sand dune listening only to blowing air and nothing else. It has been my dream to prepare a volume on desert plants encompassing various aspects of desert plant biology. In this book, I have tried to present functional and useful aspects of the vegetation resources of deserts along with scienti?c input aimed at understanding and impr- ing the utility of these plants. The scant vegetation of deserts supports animal life and provides many useful medicines, timber and fuel wood for humans. Therefore, there are chapters devoted to medicinal plants (Chap. 1), halophytes (Chaps. 13, 14), and fruit plants (Chaps. 17, 20). Desert plants have a unique reproductive biology (Chaps. 9–11), well-adapted eco-physiological and anatomical charact- istics (Chap. 7), and specialised metabolism and survival abilities. These plants are dif?cult to propagate and pose many problems to researchers developing biote- nological approaches for their amelioration (Chaps. 18–20).
Download and read online Molecular Biology and Biotechnology in PDF and EPUB This product is not available separately, it is only sold as part of a set. There are 750 products in the set and these are all sold as one entity. As a textbook, Molecular Biology and Biotechnology has always been immensely popular. Now in its fourth edition, it has been completely revised and updated to provide a comprehensive overview and to reflect all the latest developments in this rapidly expanding area. Written by recognised experts, the book aims to identify the impact that molecular biology has had on the development of biotechnology, with each of the nineteen chapters describing a specific subject area relevant to the subject. The impressive breadth of coverage includes areas such as plant biotechnology; food technology; vaccine development; the production of transgenic plants and animals; and the addition of an appropriate and timely new chapter devoted to bioinformatics. Presenting information in an easily assimilated form, Molecular Biology and Biotechnology makes an ideal undergraduate text. It will be of particular interest to students of biology and chemistry, as well as to scientists from outside the field requiring a rapid introduction to the subject.
Download and read online Peas in PDF and EPUB Our knowledge of the molecular biology and genetics of peas, particularly in the fields of storage product biology, genetic mapping, transformation, plant development and the rhizobium symbiosis, has increased dramatically in recent years. The pea is also a model plant for research on a number of topics including starch biosynthesis and gene regulation by light. This book contains a number of reviews on progress in various aspects of pea molecular genetics. It places them in perspective for those concerned with breeding, agronomy and exploitation of peas and will also be of value to those working on other grain legumes. It is an important volume for research workers and advanced students in many areas of plant sciences, especially plant genetics and biotechnology.