Scanning Electron Microscopy and X ray Microanalysis

Filename: scanning-electron-microscopy-and-x-ray-microanalysis.pdf
ISBN: 9781461502159
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Number of pages: 689
Author: Joseph Goldstein
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Download and read online Scanning Electron Microscopy and X ray Microanalysis in PDF and EPUB This text provides students as well as practitioners with a comprehensive introduction to the field of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray microanalysis. The authors emphasize the practical aspects of the techniques described. Topics discussed include user-controlled functions of scanning electron microscopes and x-ray spectrometers and the use of x-rays for qualitative and quantitative analysis. Separate chapters cover SEM sample preparation methods for hard materials, polymers, and biological specimens. In addition techniques for the elimination of charging in non-conducting specimens are detailed.


Principles and Practice of Variable Pressure

Filename: principles-and-practice-of-variable-pressure.pdf
ISBN: 0470758740
Release Date: 2008-11-20
Number of pages: 234
Author: Debbie Stokes
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

Download and read online Principles and Practice of Variable Pressure in PDF and EPUB Offers a simple starting point to VPSEM, especially for new users, technicians and students containing clear, concise explanations Crucially, the principles and applications outlined in this book are completely generic: i.e. applicable to all types of VPSEM, irrespective of manufacturer. Information presented will enable reader to turn principles into practice Published in association with the Royal Microscopical Society (RMS) -www.rms.org.uk


Scanning Microscopy for Nanotechnology

Filename: scanning-microscopy-for-nanotechnology.pdf
ISBN: 9780387396200
Release Date: 2007-03-09
Number of pages: 522
Author: Weilie Zhou
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Download and read online Scanning Microscopy for Nanotechnology in PDF and EPUB This book presents scanning electron microscopy (SEM) fundamentals and applications for nanotechnology. It includes integrated fabrication techniques using the SEM, such as e-beam and FIB, and it covers in-situ nanomanipulation of materials. The book is written by international experts from the top nano-research groups that specialize in nanomaterials characterization. The book will appeal to nanomaterials researchers, and to SEM development specialists.


Testen von Data Warehouse und Business Intelligence Systemen

Filename: testen-von-data-warehouse-und-business-intelligence-systemen.pdf
ISBN: 9783864914089
Release Date: 2013-11-27
Number of pages: 268
Author: Hanspeter Gisin
Publisher: dpunkt.verlag

Download and read online Testen von Data Warehouse und Business Intelligence Systemen in PDF and EPUB Business-Intelligence- und Data-Warehouse-Projekte sind anders. Entsprechend andersartig sind auch die in diesem Bereich eingesetzten Testverfahren und -methoden. Praxisorientiert und systematisch beschreibt dieses Buch das Testen von analytischen Systemen und stellt die besonderen Anforderungen hierbei heraus. Es erörtert, welche Tests in den verschiedenen Szenarien sinnvoll sind und wie eine realistische Planung und Vorbereitung eines Testprozesses aussieht. Ausgehend von einem Referenzmodell für das Testen werden Elemente gängiger Testkonzepte sowie Normen und Standards übertragen. Des Weiteren behandeln die Autoren spezifische Methoden wie datengetriebene Tests und gehen auch auf Wirtschaftlichkeitsaspekte und die menschliche Seite beim Testen ein. Dabei verdeutlichen mehrere Praxisbeispiele die Theorie. Direkt anwendbare Checklisten ermöglichen einen schnellen Transfer in die eigene berufliche Praxis. Aus dem Inhalt: • Testen von analytischen Systemen • Testfälle und Definition von Fehlerkategorien • Einfluss der Daten aufs Testen • Testorganisation, -infrastruktur und -betrieb • Testen nach Projektmodellen • Bibliothek von Standardtestfällen • Dokumentenvorlagen Im Anhang befindet sich u.a. ein ausführliches Glossar. In der Edition TDWI erscheinen Titel, die vom dpunkt.verlag gemeinsam mit dem TDWI Germany e.V. ausgewählt und konzipiert werden. Inhaltliche Schwerpunkte dieser Reihe sind Business Intelligence und Data Warehousing.


Handbook of Water Analysis Third Edition

Filename: handbook-of-water-analysis-third-edition.pdf
ISBN: 9781439889664
Release Date: 2013-07-29
Number of pages: 995
Author: Leo M.L. Nollet
Publisher: CRC Press

Download and read online Handbook of Water Analysis Third Edition in PDF and EPUB Extensively revised and updated, Handbook of Water Analysis, Third Edition provides current analytical techniques for detecting various compounds in water samples. Maintaining the detailed and accessible style of the previous editions, this third edition demonstrates water sampling and preservation methods by enumerating different ways to measure chemical and radiological characteristics. It gives step-by-step descriptions of separation, residue determination, and clean-up techniques. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Includes five new chapters covering ammonia, nitrates, nitrites, and petroleum hydrocarbons, as well as organoleptical and algal analysis methodology Compares older methods still frequently used with recently developed protocols, and examines future trends Features a new section regarding organoleptical analysis of water acknowledging that ultimately the consumers of drinking water have the final vote over its quality with respect to odor, flavor, and color The book covers the physical, chemical, and other relevant properties of various substances found in water. It then describes the sampling, cleanup, extraction, and derivatization procedures, and concludes with detection methods. Illustrated with procedure flow charts and schematics, the text includes numerous tables categorizing methods according to type of component, origin of the water sample, parameters and procedures used, and application range. With contributions from international experts, the book guides you through the entire scientific investigation starting with a sampling strategy designed to capture the real-world situation as closely as possible, and ending with an adequate chemometrical and statistical treatment of the acquired data. By organizing data into more than 300 tables, graphs, and charts, and supplementing the text with equations and illustrations, the editors distill a wealth of knowledge into a single accessible reference.


Freeze Drying Lyophilization of Pharmaceutical and Biological Products Third Edition

Filename: freeze-drying-lyophilization-of-pharmaceutical-and-biological-products-third-edition.pdf
ISBN: 9781439825761
Release Date: 2016-04-19
Number of pages: 584
Author: Louis Rey
Publisher: CRC Press

Download and read online Freeze Drying Lyophilization of Pharmaceutical and Biological Products Third Edition in PDF and EPUB Freeze-drying, or lyophilization, is a well established technology used in the preservation of numerous pharmaceutical and biological products. This highly effective dehydration method involves the removal of water from frozen materials via the direct sublimation of ice. In recent years, this process has met with many changes, as have the regulations that impact lyophilization practices. This volume addresses these changes with revised chapters on emerging developments in lyophilization technology, research, and industry procedures. Providing both a scientific and industrial perspective, this comprehensive text is a valuable resource for all those who use freeze-drying technology.


Scanning Electron Microscopy X Ray Microanalysis and Analytical Electron Microscopy

Filename: scanning-electron-microscopy-x-ray-microanalysis-and-analytical-electron-microscopy.pdf
ISBN: 9781461306351
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Number of pages: 407
Author: Charles E. Lyman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Download and read online Scanning Electron Microscopy X Ray Microanalysis and Analytical Electron Microscopy in PDF and EPUB During the last four decades remarkable developments have taken place in instrumentation and techniques for characterizing the microstructure and microcomposition of materials. Some of the most important of these instruments involve the use of electron beams because of the wealth of information that can be obtained from the interaction of electron beams with matter. The principal instruments include the scanning electron microscope, electron probe x-ray microanalyzer, and the analytical transmission electron microscope. The training of students to use these instruments and to apply the new techniques that are possible with them is an important function, which. has been carried out by formal classes in universities and colleges and by special summer courses such as the ones offered for the past 19 years at Lehigh University. Laboratory work, which should be an integral part of such courses, is often hindered by the lack of a suitable laboratory workbook. While laboratory workbooks for transmission electron microscopy have-been in existence for many years, the broad range of topics that must be dealt with in scanning electron microscopy and microanalysis has made it difficult for instructors to devise meaningful experiments. The present workbook provides a series of fundamental experiments to aid in "hands-on" learning of the use of the instrumentation and the techniques. It is written by a group of eminently qualified scientists and educators. The importance of hands-on learning cannot be overemphasized.


Handbook of Sample Preparation for Scanning Electron Microscopy and X Ray Microanalysis

Filename: handbook-of-sample-preparation-for-scanning-electron-microscopy-and-x-ray-microanalysis.pdf
ISBN: 0387857311
Release Date: 2011-04-14
Number of pages: 332
Author: Patrick Echlin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Download and read online Handbook of Sample Preparation for Scanning Electron Microscopy and X Ray Microanalysis in PDF and EPUB Scanning electr on microscopy (SEM) and x-ray microanalysis can produce magnified images and in situ chemical information from virtually any type of specimen. The two instruments generally operate in a high vacuum and a very dry environment in order to produce the high energy beam of electrons needed for imaging and analysis. With a few notable exceptions, most specimens destined for study in the SEM are poor conductors and composed of beam sensitive light elements containing variable amounts of water. In the SEM, the imaging system depends on the specimen being sufficiently electrically conductive to ensure that the bulk of the incoming electrons go to ground. The formation of the image depends on collecting the different signals that are scattered as a consequence of the high energy beam interacting with the sample. Backscattered electrons and secondary electrons are generated within the primary beam-sample interactive volume and are the two principal signals used to form images. The backscattered electron coefficient ( ? ) increases with increasing atomic number of the specimen, whereas the secondary electron coefficient ( ? ) is relatively insensitive to atomic number. This fundamental diff- ence in the two signals can have an important effect on the way samples may need to be prepared. The analytical system depends on collecting the x-ray photons that are generated within the sample as a consequence of interaction with the same high energy beam of primary electrons used to produce images.


Handbuch Meditation

Filename: handbuch-meditation.pdf
ISBN: 9783641201852
Release Date: 2017-03-27
Number of pages: 560
Author: Culadasa John Yates
Publisher: Arkana

Download and read online Handbuch Meditation in PDF and EPUB Das universale Standardwerk zur Meditation. Die Meditation ist der Königsweg zum Erwachen. Sie erlaubt uns, mit zunehmender Übung immer tiefere Zustände der Glückseligkeit, des Friedens und der Erkenntnis zu erreichen, die schließlich in der endgültigen und dauerhaften Befreiung vom Leiden gipfeln. Der Meditationslehrer und promovierte Neurowissenschaftler Culadasa John Yates zeigt in dieser universalen Meditationsanleitung, wie wir Schritt für Schritt unsere Praxis vertiefen können. Das an Erfahrungstiefe und Kenntnisreichtum über die Stufen der Meditation einzigartige Handbuch gestattet es sowohl Einsteigern als auch erfahrenen Meditierenden, allseits bekannte Hindernisse und Probleme – beispielsweise Gedankenwandern, Unachtsamkeit oder Langeweile – zu überwinden, indem die Ursachen erklärt und eingängige Lösungsmethoden vorgestellt werden. Hierbei werden auch aktuelle neurowissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse genutzt. Das neue Standardwerk zur Meditation führt anhand vieler Übungen und Beispiele in erleuchtete Dimensionen des Bewusstseins.


Polymer Microscopy

Filename: polymer-microscopy.pdf
ISBN: 0387726284
Release Date: 2008-12-24
Number of pages: 540
Author: Linda Sawyer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Download and read online Polymer Microscopy in PDF and EPUB This extensively updated and revised Third Edition is a comprehensive and practical guide to the study of the microstructure of polymers. It is the result of the authors' many years of academic and industrial experience. Introductory chapters deal with the basic concepts of both polymer morphology and processing and microscopy and imaging theory. The core of the book is more applied, with many examples of specimen preparation and image interpretation leading to materials characterization. Emerging techniques such as compositional mapping in which microscopy is combined with spectroscopy are considered. The book closes with a problem solving guide.


Romeis Mikroskopische Technik

Filename: romeis-mikroskopische-technik.pdf
ISBN: 9783642551901
Release Date: 2015-11-24
Number of pages: 603
Author: Maria Mulisch
Publisher: Springer-Verlag

Download and read online Romeis Mikroskopische Technik in PDF and EPUB Der ROMEIS ist seit fast 100 Jahren das Standardwerk der mikroskopischen Technik. Über 18 Auflagen hat dieses Methodenbuch die Entwicklung der lichtmikroskopischen Verfahren begleitet und ist bis heute ein unverzichtbares Laborhandbuch für Wissenschaftler und Studierende, die auf den Gebieten der Cytologie, Histologie, mikroskopischen Anatomie, Pathologie und Histochemie forschen. Der Inhalt der 19. Auflage des ROMEIS wurde aktualisiert und um viele moderne Methoden und Anwendungen der Mikroskopie erweitert. Unter der Herausgeberschaft von Privatdozentin Dr. Maria Mulisch und Professor Dr. med. Ulrich Welsch haben 24 Experten der Mikroskopie aus Forschung und Industrie ihre Erfahrung eingebracht, um dieses Werk zu einem Arbeitsbuch zu machen, auf das man sich beziehen und verlassen kann.


Finite Elemente Methoden

Filename: finite-elemente-methoden.pdf
ISBN: 3540668063
Release Date: 2002
Number of pages: 1253
Author: Klaus-Jürgen Bathe
Publisher: DrMaster Publications

Download and read online Finite Elemente Methoden in PDF and EPUB Dieses Lehr- und Handbuch behandelt sowohl die elementaren Konzepte als auch die fortgeschrittenen und zukunftsweisenden linearen und nichtlinearen FE-Methoden in Statik, Dynamik, Festkörper- und Fluidmechanik. Es wird sowohl der physikalische als auch der mathematische Hintergrund der Prozeduren ausführlich und verständlich beschrieben. Das Werk enthält eine Vielzahl von ausgearbeiteten Beispielen, Rechnerübungen und Programmlisten. Als Übersetzung eines erfolgreichen amerikanischen Lehrbuchs hat es sich in zwei Auflagen auch bei den deutschsprachigen Ingenieuren etabliert. Die umfangreichen Änderungen gegenüber der Vorauflage innerhalb aller Kapitel - vor allem aber der fortgeschrittenen - spiegeln die rasche Entwicklung innerhalb des letzten Jahrzehnts auf diesem Gebiet wieder. TOC:Eine Einführung in den Gebrauch von Finite-Elemente-Verfahren.-Vektoren, Matrizen und Tensoren.-Einige Grundbegriffe ingenieurwissenschaftlicher Berechnungen.-Formulierung der Methode der finiten Elemente.-Formulierung und Berechnung von isoparametrischen Finite-Elemente-Matrizen.-Nichtlineare Finite-Elemente-Berechnungen in der Festkörper- und Strukturmechanik.-Finite-Elemente-Berechnungen von Wärmeübertragungs- und Feldproblemen.-Lösung von Gleichgewichtsbeziehungen in statischen Berechnungen.-Lösung von Bewegungsgleichungen in kinetischen Berechnungen.-Vorbemerkungen zur Lösung von Eigenproblemen.-Lösungsverfahren für Eigenprobleme.-Implementierung der Finite-Elemente-Methode.


Handbook of Optics Third Edition Volume V Atmospheric Optics Modulators Fiber Optics X Ray and Neutron Optics

Filename: handbook-of-optics-third-edition-volume-v-atmospheric-optics-modulators-fiber-optics-x-ray-and-neutron-optics.pdf
ISBN: 9780071633147
Release Date: 2009-11-13
Number of pages: 1280
Author: Michael Bass
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

Download and read online Handbook of Optics Third Edition Volume V Atmospheric Optics Modulators Fiber Optics X Ray and Neutron Optics in PDF and EPUB The most comprehensive and up-to-date optics resource available Prepared under the auspices of the Optical Society of America, the five carefully architected and cross-referenced volumes of the Handbook of Optics, Third Edition, contain everything a student, scientist, or engineer requires to actively work in the field. From the design of complex optical systems to world-class research and development methods, this definitive publication provides unparalleled access to the fundamentals of the discipline and its greatest minds. Individual chapters are written by the world's most renowned experts who explain, illustrate, and solve the entire field of optics. Each volume contains a complete chapter listing for the entire Handbook, extensive chapter glossaries, and a wealth of references. This pioneering work offers unprecedented coverage of optics data, techniques, and applications. Volume V covers atmospheric optics, modulators, fiber optics, and x-ray and neutron optics.


Modern Physical Metallurgy

Filename: modern-physical-metallurgy.pdf
ISBN: 9781483135793
Release Date: 2013-09-17
Number of pages: 558
Author: R. E. Smallman
Publisher: Elsevier

Download and read online Modern Physical Metallurgy in PDF and EPUB Modern Physical Metallurgy, Third Edition discusses the fundamental principles of physical metallurgy and demonstrates how the application of the principles leads to a clearer understanding of many technologically important metallurgical phenomena. This book covers the substantial developments in the microstructural examination of metals using X-ray microanalysis, strengthening of metals, and surface and interface behavior. Numerical problems on crystallography, constitution and microstructure, diffraction, diffusion, defect theory, and thermodynamics are also provided in this publication. This edition is useful for all undergraduate degree courses in metallurgy and materials in both universities and polytechnics. The large range of topics included, from superconductivity to superplasticity and from macroscopic plasticity to fracture toughness, gives students sufficient background to the fundamental principles and practical details for examination requirements.


Handbook of Optics Third Edition 5 Volume Set

Filename: handbook-of-optics-third-edition-5-volume-set.pdf
ISBN: 9780071753425
Release Date: 2010-05-18
Number of pages: 5600
Author: Optical Society of America
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

Download and read online Handbook of Optics Third Edition 5 Volume Set in PDF and EPUB The most comprehensive and up-to-date optics resource available Prepared under the auspices of the Optical Society of America, the five carefully architected and cross-referenced volumes of the Handbook of Optics, Third Edition, contain everything a student, scientist, or engineer requires to actively work in the field. From the design of complex optical systems to world-class research and development methods, this definitive publication provides unparalleled access to the fundamentals of the discipline and its greatest minds. Individual chapters are written by the world's most renowned experts who explain, illustrate, and solve the entire field of optics. Each volume contains a complete chapter listing for the entire Handbook, extensive chapter glossaries, and a wealth of references. This pioneering work offers unprecedented coverage of optics data, techniques, and applications. Volume I covers geometrical and physical optics, polarized light, components, and instruments. Volume II covers design, fabrications, testing, sources, detectors, radiometry, and photometry. Volume III, all in full color, covers vision and vision optics. Volume IV covers optical properties of materials, nonlinear optics, and quantum optics. Volume V covers atmospheric optics, modulators, fiber optics, and x-ray and neutron optics. Visit www.HandbookofOpticsOnline.com to search all five volumes and download a comprehensive index.